Thursday, August 27, 2020
Key Factors That Stimulate Economic Growth Economics Essay Right off the bat, one of the fundamental determinants is capital. Thus, an expansion in capital through speculation will build yield. Venture will just raise yield contingent upon the profitability of this new capital which is called negligible effectiveness of capital. Physical capital is basic as laborers are increasingly profitable and they can work all the more rapidly and precisely by having the correct devices. Moreover, the nature of work (training) decides human capital. Putting resources into training is like putting resources into physical capital. Therefore, putting resources into auxiliary tutoring is viewed as one of the best ways that creating nations can expand their development. Likewise, this is likewise appeared in the UK spending plan 2010 where they are giving 20,000 extra places at students as it is viewed as crucial to the financial recuperation (transmit, 2010). Figure 1 shows the understudy test scores versus GDP per capita. The relationship among's GDP and grades, despite the fact that not great, is solid (monetary development, pg.179). Nations that give a huge portion of GDP to tutoring, for example, UK and Singapore, will in general have high development rates. Nations that give a little portion of GDP, for example, Mozambique and Nigeria, will in general have low development rates. Figure 1: Student Test Scores versus GDP per Capita Furthermore, human Capital incorporates the size of the work power. On the off chance that there is an expansion in the working populace, at that point there will be an increment in possible yield. Populace development positively affects GDP as more individuals carry improvement to request, speculation and pay. Since 1945, work input has risen for the most part since more ladies have joined the work power (Begg, pg. 517) Both physical and human capital legitimately sway on the profitable limit of an economy, as there are more assets accessible. They are supplements of one another as one can't work with an apparatus in the event that one doesn't have adequate training and abilities. For instance, after the second World War in Germany, physical capital (land, foundation) was annihilated, however the abilities of the work power permitted Germany to be one of the nations that recuperated most quickly after 1945 (Begg). Besides, development per capita was little in the past yet after the 1750 industrialisation the capital and information that was picked up by one age was amassed by the following and this brought about a much expanded GDP (Economist). This shows the two sorts of capital are fundamental for financial development. Besides, normal assets likewise add to financial development however there is a limit regarding what amount can be abused. For example, oil is a non-sustainable asset and when it is exhausted, we won't have the option to make more. Additionally, the land that a particular nation claims will consistently remain the equivalent, except if it is vanquished by another nation. Thusly, normal assets add to the financial development however they are a bit much for an economy to be exceptionally gainful. For example, Japan is perhaps the most extravagant nation yet doesn't have numerous characteristic assets (Mankiw and Taylor, pg. 508). Moreover, innovation is another key determinant of financial development. The new development hypotheses look at factors that Ã ¢Ã£ ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬Ã£â¦ Ã¢â¬Å"determine why innovation, exploration, advancement and such are attempted and how they interactÃ£ ¢Ã£ ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬Ã¢ (LeRoy). Innovative upgrades, (for example, PCs) increment the minimal proficiency of capital (which is the extra yield coming about because of the utilization of an extra unit of capital) and new machines give a higher pace of return as innovation can supplant laborers. Advancement likewise permits us to change objects into structures that give more prominent development. The New Growth Theory additionally infers that we keep on expanding expectations for everyday comforts by consistently improving our insight into how to create more and better products and enterprises with ever littler measures of physical assets (Grossman and Helpman, 1994). Information and training are similarly significant. Romer (1968) contends that creation and assembling information is similarly as significant as different determinants. He accepts that information is itself a factor of creation and economies ought to put resources into it, similarly as they put resources into capital and machines. This is the reason information and instruction will influence economies in a long haul as more individuals will have the option to contribute thoughts, create new items and expand on thoughts of others for the economy to push ahead. Figure 2 shows the efficiency (GDP per laborer) levels in 1993. For a considerable length of time, UK has contributed a littler extent than different nations. Not many of the reasons for this lackluster showing contrasting and different nations are that: UK had been delayed to misuse the business capability of new advancements, the workforce had not had the right stuff important to adjust to changing monetary conditions and to enhance and the measure of speculation has been poor contrasting and universal norms (Treasury). From that point forward, UK has expanded interest in human capital, innovation and development. This brought about Figure 3, where the decrease in the UKÃ ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ã ¢s yield per specialist hole with France, Germany and the US from 1995 to 2005 (following 10 years) is appeared. The treasury announced that UK in 2006 was presently encountering its longest time of joined efficiency and work development since the 1950s. Figure 2: Productivity (GDP per specialist) levels in 1993 Figure 3: International examinations of yield per laborer (treasure, pg.3) It is likewise sensible to anticipate that, if different things equivalent, a more noteworthy responsibility to advancement and innovative work will quicken specialized advancement and consequently profitability development (Economic Growth in Modern Britain, pg. 45). This is because of expanding utilization of innovation that empowers presentation of new and predominant items and procedures. This job has been underscored by different development models and numerous examinations (Fagerberg, 1987; Lichtenberg, 1992; Ulku, 2004 (working paper)). Be that as it may, RD is very dangerous in light of the fact that the economy doesn't have the foggiest idea the amount to put resources into it and on the off chance that they will really discover something new. This is the reason an economy needs to have a talented and taught work power so as to prevail in RD. In the pre-spending plan of 2009, UK has dramatically increased open speculation and supported private area venture through the RD charge credit. The Government has reported that it will acquaint a Patent Box with reinforce the motivators to put resources into inventive enterprises and guarantee the UK stays an alluring area for advancement. (development pg. 66) Another significant supporter of monetary development is venture and investment funds. SolowÃ£ ¢Ã£ ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬Ã£ ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ã¢ ¢s Growth Model underscores the significance of interest in an economy (Working paper). Most determinants of monetary development rely upon venture like: capital, training and innovation. All together for capital merchandise to be collected to create more noteworthy amounts of buyer products later on, customer merchandise must be surrendered in the present. For development to happen the degree of venture must be more noteworthy than the measure of devaluation. The higher the degree of venture above devaluation, the more noteworthy the likely yield of the economy later on. Lamentably, the assets to empower speculation need to originate from some place and this is accomplished by an expansion in investment funds by families. Higher sparing rates add to higher speculation and henceforth increment capital amassing and monetary development. The examination above gives the conventional Production Possibility Frontier(PPF) model of financial development. In the figure underneath, a nation beginning with significant levels of current utilization will have barely any assets accessible for venture. Its PPF will increment just gradually, if by any stretch of the imagination. A nation prevailing with regards to limiting utilization today will have an extended PPF later on, and can move to a state of higher utilization and higher financial development (factors deciding monetary development). Figure 4: Production Possibility Frontier Unhindered commerce additionally underpins monetary development as it empowers a progressively fast spread of innovation and mechanical thoughts. Open markets influence monetary development through a few channels, for example, abuse of relative preferred position, innovation move and dispersion of information, expanding scale economies and introduction to rivalry (working paper). Poor nations that are open become quicker on normal than rich nations since receptiveness prompts financial combination and the speedup of development (diagram pg. 326 table 11.1). In figure 5, we can look at the monetary opening of Japan in 1858. It shows the cost of two products, tea and sugar, which before the opening were similarly significant. Be that as it may, when Japan started to exchange, the cost of tea rose and of sugar fell. Japan could now send out tea at a more significant expense and import sugar without handling it locally. It had a relative bit of leeway in the creation of tea and inside tw o decades was sending out 24 million pounds of it every year. By expanding rivalry between nations, productivity improves and it builds the motivating forces for mechanical advancement. Exchange urges economies to find approaches to practice with the goal that they can turn out to be progressively profitable and gain higher earnings. Be that as it may, not all economies can profit by facilitated commerce since they don't all have the way to innovative advancement or enough information. Taking everything into account, financial development is a significant theme since it has such a huge effect on the government assistance of numerous individuals. It is a field of dynamic exploration, where thoughts are continually being handled; new models are assembled, discussed and tried. One can see that all determinants are interlinked and add to a drawn out financial development.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Moral Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling Essay Moral Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling Name: Course: Date: We will compose a custom article test on Ethical Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on Ethical Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on Ethical Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Moral Principles in Clinical Mental Health Counseling Presentation Any expert working inside a helping calling, for example, psychological well-being or other comparable remedial callings will undoubtedly experience a few moral issues inside their work. Psychological wellness advisors are no exception. They face moral issues and quandaries as a rule aggravated by the way that customers probably won't be in acceptable mental situation to make objective decisions. Thusly, understanding what moral issues exist inside the psychological well-being directing and their resulting suggestions will better prepare the instructors to exceed expectations while offering types of assistance expertly just as profoundly improve the impact on patients. Psychological well-being instructors are in this manner guided by a lot of standards which whenever followed will empower them to give the best support of the customer. Standards 1. In medicinal services, self-rule is a rule that perceives an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s right to self-assurance or self-administration (Barker, 2011). The standard of independence is pegged on societyÃ¢â¬â¢s regard for an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s capacities to settle on educated decisions and choices about wellbeing. Self-governance has become a significant perspective in the general public, since clinical quality is moving to considering the attractive results of treatment from the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective rather than the normal results of clinical experts. Self-rule shapes the reason for clinical ideas, for example, educated assent. The capacity for somebody to be self-ruling is a pointer for mental prosperity. (For instance, an emotional wellness advocate chats with a patient experiencing misery so as to discover their desires. He at that point continues to play out the treatment in accordance with the wants of that specific patient. The result of the treatment along these lines beco mes customized for the patient similarly as they needed.) 2. Non-misbehavior is a moral rule that guarantees that wellbeing experts most importantly do no damage to the patients under their consideration (Gladding, Newsome, Gladding, 2010). Some accept that guarantee that no damage happens to a patient instead of do what is viewed as acceptable and cause hurt. Numerous professionals race to propose systems in the expectation of helping the patient before assessing the degree of damage that might be perpetrated on the patient. It isn't sufficient to realize that one should do any mischief, yet additionally realizing that treatment might be unsafe to a patient is likewise significant. (An emotional wellness instructor who is completing treatment on a HIV positive patient who is experiencing disgrace, for instance, should do treatment by offering them sound guidance and treatment. He ought not, for instance, offer conceivably perilous guidance, for example, requesting that they take liquor or any medication that may make hurt the patient.) 3. Usefulness is a term that alludes to any activity that is intended to help other people. Basically, advantageous conditions or activities are intended to help forestall or take out damage or now and again to just improve different people groups circumstances (Barker, 2011). The job of usefulness in clinical psychological wellness guiding is to guarantee that the individual gets treatment that is generally valuable to them. Clinical instructors have a commitment to forestall damage to a patient and apply rectification treatment to circumstances that compromise the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s prosperity. They additionally have the commitment to survey and parity the plausible advantages against the likely dangers with respect to an activity. (A psychological wellness guide who takes care of a patient experiencing worry in the soul of usefulness will encourage them to take a stab at stopping their drinking and smoking.) 4. Equity can be viewed as an intricate guideline. It relates to uniformity, decency and unprejudiced nature (Gerig, 2007). The idea of equity in clinical emotional well-being guiding and medicinal services all in all, includes two classifications of equity. The primary is distributive equity, and in this limit, all ought to be dealt with similarly paying little mind to the race, sex, and nationality among other social partitions. The second is social equity. Social equity guarantees that the assets accessible to one individual ought to be accessible to every other person with regards to medicinal services. (For instance, a guide may have various mentalities towards Jews and Hispanics. In any case, with regards to treatment, the Jewish patient ought to be dealt with similarly with a similar regard and with due steadiness as the Hispanic.) 5. The idea of loyalty lies in the capacity to stay faithful to a patient. In such manner, the issue of privacy assumes a significant job in this (Gladding, Newsome, Gladding, 2010). In classification, one is relied upon to keep privileged insights and stay faithful to the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s demands about staying mum about clinical issues. (In the event that an individual is experiencing pressure as well as sadness, the advisor ought not uncover any data to relatives without the express assent of the patient the person is treating.) The commitment of a guide in staying quiet about data lies in the way that disclosure of such data is unlawful and may make hurt the patient. 6. Veracity, in medical problems, alludes to the capacity of a person to guarantee that they are honest consistently (Palmo, Weikel, Borsos, 2011). In the first place, veracity is tied in with being honest to the people who have the right to comprehend what is befalling them as to their medical problems. (For instance, patients results return demonstrating that somebody is HIV positive, it is up to the patient or advocate to be honest and educate the patient regarding the situation (Gladding, Newsome, Gladding, 2010). ) The expert must have the option to come clean whether or not it might have a pessimistic or constructive effect on the individual. The commitment of an expert is to come clean consistently. 7. Optimistic morals in emotional well-being guiding alludes to the longing of a person to play out their obligations as indicated by exclusive expectations. It is a rule that urges advisors yearn for the best levels. It in this manner speaks to the absolute best of exertion and practice that an individual can give. For instance, a guide taking care of a patient who is experiencing post-horrendous worry in displaying optimistic morals, will guarantee that privacy is maintained and will do everything they can to support the patient. 8. Compulsory morals is the essential degree of moral working it shows an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s exertion to hold fast to the law and to follow the moral codes of training. For instance, an advisor taking care of a similar patient experiencing post-horrendous pressure views himself as or herself unbound by some other issues outside the calling that may influence the mending of the patient. The advocate views himself as just limited by the obligatory laws and won't give any further help past that specified by law regardless of whether the patient needs it. Suggestions Incorporation Incorporation in clinical terms alludes to trying all the standards of clinical psychological wellness advising. A psychological wellness guide can consolidate all the standards of emotional wellness advising during treatment. It involves fusing the ideals of trust, steadfastness, fairness, honesty and the various standards in treatment. Consideration shows that the advocate is enabled with the correct recipe for treatment; he/she has all the fixings vital for effective treatment of the patient. The effect of these standards into an advocates practice is exceptionally critical, since a guide is increasingly fit for dealing with their patients when the standards are taken into genuine thought (Gerig, 2007). A mix of these standards will serve to accomplish more noteworthy's benefit and evoke the best outcomes in all the patient-advocate cooperations. Referral Referral alludes to a counselorÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to allude a psychological well-being patient to an alternate advisor. This must be finished remembering the six standards. At the point when a specialist feels a patient is unequipped for settling on steady choices, they are alluded to a clinical advocate to discover the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s health as far as their capacity to settle on educated choices. The instructor likewise has the choice or alluding treatment that is less obtrusive to the patient in the soul of non-misbehavior and accomplishing the best great. For instance, in the event that an instructor can't give the vital treatment, at that point it is feasible for them to allude the patient just in the event that it will be of incredible advantage to the patient. It ought to likewise be intended for decreasing the odds of hurting others. In alluding a patient to an alternate advisor, it is fundamental that the patient get treatment like what every other person gets (Gerig, 2007). The referral of a patient to an alternate advocate must be encouraged to the patient, and the patient needs to acknowledge before the referral is finished. It is likewise essential to guarantee that the explanations behind the referral are honest. Best Practice Best practice alludes to an advocate embracing rehearses that are advantageous to the patient yet adequate by proficient measures. Best practice would direct that a patient be made mindful of their condition and the course of the treatment. This is done in the soul of advising the patient regarding thei
Friday, August 21, 2020
5 Ways To Save Your Blog From Becoming Scraper Site Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!5 Ways To Save Your Blog From Becoming Scraper SiteUpdated On 29/11/2017Author : PhanindraTopic : BloggingShort URL : http://hbb.me/2ozi7li CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogJust before starting with the actual topic first read the below scenario,Youâve got a new idea and invested around 2 hours to make it as one of your best articles. Youâve published it on your blog and have checked Google after sometime. Now, what would be your first reaction when you see that your article is in the 1st position in Google for specific keyword?Would you be happy, for it? Donât answer this, as my question is not yet complete.Your site is no where in the 1st page of Google. But still your article is ranked in number 1 position.IMAGE CREDIT : WESLEY FRYER [FLICKR] | VIEW LARGER VERSION I think most of you have understood what exactly happened in this situation.A scraper site is a s pam website (can be manually operated or autopilot) which has the content, copied from other sources. This can be either by downloading the content or getting the data from RSS feeds. These scraper sites do not credit the original source which is actually violating the copyright law by reprinting the content without appropriate permission. Also, these scraper sites, create lot of confusion among the search engines (but not so easy) which actually affects the search engine rankings. This in turn leads to the duplicate content issue as the same content is present (copied) everywhere.Here are some of the ways mentioned to save your blog from becoming a scraper site and prevent getting penalized by search engines.1) Dont use PLR articles directly on your blogPrivate label rights (PLR) is a concept used in Internet Marketing and derived from private labeling. Its a license where the author sell most or all of the intellectual property rights to their work. The license is defined by the author of the work and has no legal definition. (via Wikipedia)Now this doesnt mean that we shouldnât use PLR articles. PLR articles can be very efficient to get lot of new ideas. But many of these PLR articles are directly ripped from Ezine, Squidoo, Hubpages and other article directories. If you are using them directly on your blog, you might face a lot of issues including duplicate content, copyright laws, legal issues etc.READ8 Ways To Effectively Build Your Personal BrandIf you are a creative writer then never take a chance to use PLR articles because they do kill the creativity. Just take a to look over the various titles available and start writing your own content.Also, read HOW TO: Never Run Out Of Topics For Blogging2) Never copy content from other blogsIts illegal in fact. Dont spoil others hard work and creativity. Never ever copy the content which is already published, if you like the topic then try to rewrite incorporating your views and ideas which will be very well appreciated by the readers and the search engines like Google.You can also check :Use Google To Find Creative Commons Content5 Ways You Can Get Fresh Content Inspiration5 Unique Ways Bloggers Can Create Killer Content (Without Writing)3) Never use copyrighted images for your articlesDo not use the images by directly searching them using Google images. You might be subjected to copyright issues. Check out list of cool websites For Copyright And Royalty Free images to find various sources to get free images.4) Get Permission Before ReusingIf you want to use the information which has been already published, you can get the permission from the author (original source) to reuse the content. Also dont forget to check out that sites copyright policy and reprints policy.5) Credit Original SourceIts a good idea to give credit to the original source. This has many benefits like appreciating the authors effort and also at the same time, protecting your blog from future disasters. Credit the s ource whenever any external content/image being used/referred in your articles.Hope these small things which we all know, if implemented regularly can save us from getting our site/blog labelled as scraper site.This article is written by Phanindra. He created a platform called SparkInDark to share the information about the best giveaways available online. If you wish to write for us, kindly check this.
Monday, May 25, 2020
The sixties will always be a time looked back on with fond memories and great stories. Many things occurred during that time that shaped the way American culture. Rock Roll, hippies, movements such as the civil rights, Woodstock, art, all new and fantastic things that were born out of this era and continue to bloom and influence our present day society. Although mostly left unsaid, drug use did play a major role throughout this time period and became almost an unspoken icon of the time. One of the more popularly known drugs is marijuana, then and now, and continues to become be more controversial as time progresses. Legalization has been a hot topic of discussion for a long period of time now, and although for many it is an intimidatingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Medical marijuana had been the last resort for Hester, being that she had never been a user herself, but felt there was no where else to turn while her son was Ã¢â¬Å"knocking on death doors,Ã¢â¬ (Mother gives son mari juana to treat autism). She described Joey to be hostile, dangerous, and that his weight plummeted to just forty six pounds while using thirteen conventional medications to try and stifle his erratic behavior, but unfortunately all seemed to be failing (Mother gives son marijuana to treat autism). The marijuana was baked into quarter sized brownies and given to him every couple of days, rather than the other medications that were given to him three times a day. After the first use of the marijuana Hester reported a significant change in her son within hours, he was requesting food he never had before, and he had a calm attitude. After regular use of medical marijuana he gained thirty eight pounds, maintaining a more stable and healthy weight, his temper had nearly ceased to exist, and began to show signs of communication. Ã¢â¬Å"He is now no longer a danger to himself or society, and is like a completely different boy,Ã¢â¬ Hester told Good Morning America. Not only did it affect his overall body and mind but also cut down his once thirteen medications down to only three medications, working on getting it down to only two (Mother gives son marijuana to treat autism). JoeyÃ¢â¬â¢s psychiatrist stated Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s affect on JoeyÃ¢â¬â¢s brainShow MoreRelatedDrugs Are Bad For You2330 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesour culture is marijuana and it is all around everywhere. Marijuana is shown throughout todayÃ¢â¬â¢s culture in the media that people enjoy such as: movies, music and TV shows, the people using it do not even attempt to hide the fact that they use this substance. Young adults who have personal experience with the drug know its effects on themselves, as well as others, and wonder why it is still illegal. Why is it that this drug has been illegalized across the globe? The debate to legalize marijuana inRead MoreDrugs Are Bad For You2267 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesit is illegal and they do not understand why someone would go against the law and even jeopar dize their health to use such drugs. The drug most commonly seen in our culture is marijuana and, surprisingly, it is all around us. Marijuana is shown throughout todayÃ¢â¬â¢s culture in the media that people enjoy such as: movies, music and TV shows, the people using it do not even attempt to hide the fact that they use this substance. Young adults who have personal experience with the drug know its effects onRead MoreThe Issue Of Marijuana Legalization1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe matters of marijuana Marijuana is still illegal in the eyes of the federal government but the states claim it is, in fact, legal for the states to openly practice recreational and medicinal usage of the drug. Now with many people sick the only other option after numerous prescriptions that make the people sicker marijuana given its pain releasing properties seems to be the only thing we can count on. Marijuana first dated euphoric use dates back to 2737 BC. Its use spread from China to IndiaRead MoreThe Legalization Of Marijuana Should Be Legalized2025 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe prohibition of marijuana has generated intense debates for years about its effects on the human body, its therapeutic possessions, and its consequence on society. Today, the debate between the Federal governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s policies, state laws, the medical researchers, physicians, and patients has been dramatically unstable. The studies show in-depth research about the effectiveness of medical marijuana as a therapeutic drug; finally persuading state politicians to legalized marijuana. Although many areRead More Legalize It: The Necessity For Marijuana Law Reform Essay1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Legalize It: The Necessity For Marijuana Law Reform When I think about social issues that should be discussed more often than they are, I think about the topic of legalization of marijuana. As a person that has consumed marijuana both in legal settings, and illegal settings, I can say that the title Ã¢â¬Å"illegal drugÃ¢â¬ should not apply to cannabis. The reason that I believe this is because I do not feel that marijuana is a threat to my personal safety, nor is it a threat to the safetyRead MoreNo High Risk : Marijuana2289 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesMarijuana is a drug that is misinterpreted by the general public that it is harmful to human beings like all other drugs are capable of. The negative stigma of pot use has certainly made it seem like itÃ¢â¬â¢s worse, and since using the drug is still illegal, the fact that only people who are willing to break the law will smoke has inevitably made it associated with a Ã¢â¬Å"potheadÃ¢â¬ culture. These are just the preconceived notions weÃ¢â¬â¢ve been brought up in th ough. A world where instead of drinking cheap beerRead More marijauna legalization Essay1895 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Marijuana Legalization nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Marijuana is one of the most controversial drugs today. Everyone is talking about it, and the question everyone is asking is why is it not legal? Many studies have been done on this drug for medical uses. Also to find what harm it can do mentally and physically. Marijuana has many different parts that can be used for everything from a medication to a bedsheet. Many countries use marijuana everyday, they use it for medicine, textiles, religiousRead MoreEssay on Why we should not legalize marijuana?1976 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Marijuana has been used as an agent for achieving euphoria since ancient times (Narconon International, p. 1, para. 1). It was used in early Chinese culture as a medical component since as early as 2737 B.C (Narconon International, p. 1, para. 1). Its use began to spread across the pacific culture and finally ended up in Europe around 500 A.D. (Narconon International, p. 1). It was believed in this early culture to have medical effects th at helped with rheumatism, gout, malaria, and even absent
Thursday, May 14, 2020
How to Define a Computer Network No matter how it is described or reported Ã¢â¬Å"computer networkÃ¢â¬ continue being a difficult phrase to define. Computer IT technicians do not know how to approach to a regular person, and describe the operation of a simple computer networking . In the other hand, and this is also important, Ã¢â¬Å"regular normalÃ¢â¬ people seem not to care how important a computer network is, and what it really means. Maybe is because most of the time the computer network always is Ã¢â¬Å"behind the scenesÃ¢â¬ , and people when use a computer network do not realize how they are connected. Even though computer network have many interpretations, it can be explained in three forms to those who are not familiarized with the phrase; and are examples of computer networks, definition, and last but not least the cause and effect of computer network. Now a days most electronic devices are computer automated; some others are still, and old, mechanically operated. A child can spend hours in front of an iPad to entertain him or herself, also a retired adult can spend the same amount of hours in front of a computer or smart TV. These devices are in a network, equipments and computers are integrated, and working to make each connection reliable. Some examples of networking are: Communication Telephony network; as a smart phone, carriers, brands, operation systems, where all your personal and medical data can be saved. House network or internet of things, where a coffee pot can prepare coffee,Show MoreRelatedEssay On How Computers Communicate On A Network Through Router1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHow Computers communicate on a network through Router Background Information Every home that has internet connectivity has a router. Just like the name suggest, a router makes routing decisions in networking. What this means is, the router is responsible for directing packets or data from one network node to another node. A node simply is a device on a network, i.e. Desktop, server, laptop etc. In this description, I will explain in simple terms exactly how a computer on a network is able to sendRead MoreHow The Bank Organization Affect The Implementation Of Computer Networks3152 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesa. Explain how the bank organization could be benefited due to the implementation of computer networks and how the resources could be utilized in an efficient manner with the computer network Ã¯Æ'Ë The Benefits of having computers networks for organisation are: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Users can access their files from any network. Within the network covered, expensive devices such as laser printers or scanners can be shared. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The software and resources within the area of networks can be well organized and centrally managedRead MoreHow Security Is Important For A Successful And Secure Computer Network System942 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAbstract This paper is intended to speak the network security in a brief, more focus on the strategies and practical implementations to be done for a successful and secured Computer networking and Information systems, minor the possible threats and challenges against them and with a conclusive discussion of importance of rapid research for secured computer network system. Keywords: Research, Plans, System,Security,Threats. Strategies and Plans in Executing Information SecurityRead MoreAsoida1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFOLLOWING QUESTIONS. TRUE OR FALSE True 1. All types of computers and mobile devices serve as sending and receiving devices in a communications system. False 2. On a client/server network, the client controls access to the resources on the network and provides a centralized storage area. (422) True 3. On a P2P network, each computer has equal responsibilities and capabilities. (422) False 4. Wi-Fi networks cannot be integrated with Ethernet networks. (427) False 5. Most current operating systems doRead MoreMonitor The Network Of Home And Office Essay1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesObjective The objective of this project is to monitor the network of home and office and also to measure and provide network monitoring speed, power up and power down features for specific device. This also helps in monitoring the selected network devices along with speed uptime. In addition, this project also scans and provides the actual number of active computers in a network. Following are the project objectives 1. To publish network monitoring speed when a certain threshold is reached. 2. ToRead MoreNetwork Troubleshooting Essay1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen troubleshooting a computer network, it is very important that we look at every small detail in that network. One small mistake like a mistyped number can make all the difference in the way a network performs. In the case of the diagram E-1, there are many problems like this that can cause the network to not perform the way it is supposed to. Some of these problems include the IP addresses, subnet masks, and default gateways in this network. All of these things need to be correct and workingRead MoreNt1210 Unit 2 Assignment1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1 LAN Local Area Network is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. MAN Metropolitan Area network is a computer network in which two or more computers or communicating devices or networks which are geographically separated but in same metropolitan city and are connected to each other are said to be connected on MAN. PAN personal area network is a computer network used for data transmissionRead MoreOperating System and Network Administration Essay1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Role of Operating Systems and Network Administration in the IS Curriculum D. Robert Adams and Carl Erickson Grand Valley State University Department of Computer Science and Information Systems Allendale, MI 49401 USA Abstract The reliance by companies of all sizes on information technology creates strong demand for system and network administration jobs. Information System majors will increasingly find themselves with opportunities and responsibilities in these areas. However, teachingRead MoreComputer Networking Security Essay885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesInformation technology and computer networking play an important part of our everyday lives. We definitely depend on computers much more than we realize. Even for those of us who may not have a desk job, we use the computer at least a half a dozen times on our way to work. Our alarm, the coffee maker, our vehicleÃ¢â¬ ¦almost every aspect of our life is influenced by computers. Technical support is utilized more than it should be. Several issues that the ordinary, average user faces can easily be resolvedRead MoreSci 110 Assignment 1 Applications of the Scientific Method1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshypothesis suggested, and observations recorded. Several different troubleshooting methods already exist but according to CompTIA; there are six steps to solve a problem. Drawing a parallel these steps are all included into the scientific method, but how? Scientific method CompTIA troubleshooting Method, Ask a Question - Identify the problem, Do Background research - Establish a theory of probable cause, Construct Hypothesis Test - the theory to determine the cause, Test your hypothesis by Doing experiment
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Amy Chen May 3, 2012 Block E Gatsbys Symbolic House In literature, symbols are used to add deeper meaning to the story or hint at an emotion or attitude towards something without directly stating it. Sometimes they are obvious while other times sometimes they are hidden, regardless, they are used to enhance the story. In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald uses symbolism to create a more realistic story for the reader. Although, many symbols are present throughout the story, Gatsbys house represents something more than just a luxurious building; his house reveals Gatsbys true character, love for Daisy and his struggle to maintain it. Gatsbys lavish mansion is described early on in the story which illustratesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Gatsby spends years trying to find Daisy (S). When he finally does, he decides to hold lavish parties every Saturday to attract Daisy (CX). One evening, Ã¢â¬Å"There was music from my neighbors house and through the summer lights... men and girls came and went like moths among the whispering and the champagne and starsÃ¢â¬ (Fitzgerald 39). This reveals Gatsbys true feelings towards his parties; the smiles, the laughter, the people- all have no significance in his heart. To him, none of this matters, unless Daisy is there. Gatsby is not even aware of whom attends his parties, Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes they came and went without having met Gatsby at allÃ¢â¬ (Fitzgerald 41). As soon as his discovers the relationship between Nick and Daisy, he pulls Jordan aside to ask Nick invite Daisy to Nicks house, so he can coincidently drop by. Gatsbys willingness to host parties every week, shows his perseverance and sincerity towards Daisy. It is at Gatsbys house where the two finally reunite. Even the darkest, coldest place is enlightened when they are together. Before entering the house, Daisy sees the house as vacant, but when they were in the cellar, Ã¢â¬Å"the gray windows disappeared as the house glowed full of lightÃ¢â¬ (Fitzgerald 94). To Gatsby, everything seems perfect and nothing seems to matter as long as Daisy is his side. After their reunion, Daisy begins to visit Gatsbys house more frequently; this leads to his ultimate decision to fireShow MoreRelated Symbolism in The Great Gatsby Essay867 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGatsby Essay Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. For example, a dove is usually used to represent peace. In the novel The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald uses a lot of symbolism to connect the characters with each other or to other objects. FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s use of symbolism helps advance his thematic interest in his novel of The Great Gatsby. In the Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses various colors, objectsRead MoreSymbolism in The Great Gatsby Essays790 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSymbolism The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is bursting with symbols and motifs. Looking deeper into these symbols will uncover the abstract and intangible themes and messages portrayed throughout the novel. The green light at the end of DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s dock as well as T.J EckleburgÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes overlooking the Valley of Ashes and the discrepancy between not only the characters of East and West Egg but the social class and standard of living they abide by. By uncovering all of these symbols and exposingRead MoreEssay Symbolism in The Great Gatsby864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the novel, The Great Gatsby, there is lots of reflection on symbolism, and especially colored symbolism. In this novel symbolism is a very important factor, it shows the difference between the different characters and scenes in the novel. The color green influences the story a lot. Green shows many thoughts, ideas, attitudes, and choices that Gatsby has throughout the story. White too plays an even more important ro le in the novel as it is used to represent some of the characters, it also talksRead More Symbolism in The Great Gatsby Essay551 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Great Gatsby Symbols Throughout the book the Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, there are many examples of very simple things that have a deeper meaning or represent more than meets the eye. The book is narrated by Nick Carraway, and is about a man named Gatsby who throws huge parties where he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t even make an appearance, all in an attempt to win back his lost lover Daisy who is married to Tom Buchanan. Gatsby is a big figure in the book and he uses many objects around him to representRead MoreEssay on Symbolism on the Great Gatsby1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescomplex than it seems. Whereas a symbol as complicated as the Ã¢â¬Å"eyeÃ¢â¬ can mean more than itÃ¢â¬â¢s suggested for. Throughout The Great Gatsby symbolism represent color, the existence of eyes and money. The color symbolism is repetitive throughout the novel. The colors represent the different characters personality and their actions. An important symbolic color in The Great Gatsby is the green light. The color green itself is associated with spring, money, hope and youth. The green light stands for somethingRead MoreThe Great Gatsby Symbolism Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdaily basis. Cars are a major expense and luxury for adults presently. For many, these cars are symbolic of their success in achieving their American Dream having money. The American Dream during the Ã¢â¬Ëroaring Ã¢â¬Ë20sÃ¢â¬â¢ is a major topic in the story The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The troubles Tom and Daisy Buchanan, an upper class couple, are experiencing lead the narrator, Nick Carraway, into many sticky situations. Soon after Nick moved into his modest home amongst some of the most lavish in NewRead MoreEssay On Symbolism In The Great Gatsby918 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGood Morning Mr Pein ke and 11A today I will be discussing how F. Scott Fitzgerald, author of The Great Gatsby, uses the techniques of symbolism and characterisation to position readers to view the George and Myrtle Wilson, a married couple living in the Valley of Ashes during the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. While the 20Ã¢â¬â¢s were a great time of optimism, Fitzgerald portrays the much bleaker side of the revelry by focusing on its indulgence, two-facedness, shallow recklessness. While we donÃ¢â¬â¢t know a lot about Myrtle andRead MoreEssay On Symbolism In The Great Gatsby1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerica. In the novel, The Great Gatsby, the theme wealth creates a pathway to the corruption of morals is evident through the decisions and thoughts of the Buchanans and Gatsby who are influenced by the eyes of T.J Eckleburg. Characters such as Tom and Daisy Buchanan can be seen as highly materialistic and driven by their hunger for money. As a woman of high-class, Daisy has no desire to break her marriage with Tom and abandons her status in society to be with Gatsby. This is illustrated whenRead More Symbols, Symbolism, and Metaphor in The Great Gatsby Essay796 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Metaphors and Symbolisms in The Great Gatsby nbsp; In the novel The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses many different metaphors and symbolisms to express his point.nbsp; In this essay the point that I wish to make is how Fitzgerald uses colors to develop image, feelings, and scenery depiction to let the reader feel the emotions and other aspects being portrayed in that particular part in the book.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Like every other essay one must address the major pointsRead MoreEssay on Analyse the symbolism of colour in The Great Gatsby.492 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesAnalyse the symbolism of colour in The Great Gatsby. In F. Scott FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s novel Ã¢â¬Å"the Great GatsbyÃ¢â¬ he uses many literary devices. One of the most obvious is colour, and in this essay I will explore how Fitzgerald uses colours like white, green and yellow to help convey 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s America and GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle for Daisy Buchanan. White features most strongly in the novel and becomes a way for people to hide behind false facades. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Great GatsbyÃ¢â¬ white symbolises royalty innocence
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Briefly discuss this situation, focusing on the benefits and problems of letting Dallas Managers participate in the Company's Budgetary efforts. Answer: Brief discussion of the situation Essentially, Participative budgets can be considered as a process of budgeting under which specific people influenced by a specific budget are actively engaged in the budget generation procedure. Essentially, the bottom-up tactic to particularly budgeting has a propensity to generate budgets that are more attainable that are top down budgets that are mainly imposed on corporation by mainly senior management. This involves mainly less participation by members of the staff of the corporation. This approach of budgeting is also apt for morale, and essentially has the propensity to result in higher efforts by members of the staff to attain what they forecasted in the budget. Nevertheless, a completely participative budget does not consider high-level strategic concerns into account (Hashim et al., 2014). Therefore, management have the need to deliver members of the staff with specific guidelines as regards overall direction of the corporation, and the way the individual fits into the spe cific direction. As per the given case study, James Corporation that is headquartered in particularly Chicago necessarily has a manufacturing plant situated in Dallas. In this case, plant managers intend to partake in diverse budgetary efforts of the company and that for the last 10 years have been managed solely by top officials in Chicago. As such, the Dallas managers consider that by becoming actively engaged, these managers can make enormous stride in terms of enhancing operating performance of the aging facility (Almn, 2017). Benefits and problems of letting Dallas managers participate in the budgetary efforts Participative budgets can necessarily make the plant managers realise that their viewpoints are appreciated by people in the top management. Essentially, the plant managers will also have an improved attitude towards achievement of the budget. In addition to this, it is probable in this particular case that essentially the participative tactic will lead to a more practical budget document. Again, personnel of Chicago might also be separated from daily operations in Dallas in order to arrive at a true depiction of on-going functions (Im et al., 2014). These participatory budgeting efforts can facilitate the plant managers to voluntarily and at the same time regularly contribute towards the process of decision making by means of a series of scheduled meetings with corresponding government bodies and top executives of the firm. The case study on Mutual Gain can also help in understanding the advantages of participatory budgeting (PB Network, 2017). As per reports declared by the PB Network, North Tyneside in association with MutualGain presented three different sessions formulated to enable public to exert influence spending decisions on accessibility to urgent care services. In essence, the procedure utilized was necessarily a new commissioning edition of mainly the tried as well as tested mechanism of participatory budgeting (Nielsen et al., 2015). However, as part of the operation, officials from the corporation deliver simplified breakdown of comparative spend on offering present services, along with forecasting spend on probable future services (PB Network, 2017). This case study stresses the fact this participatory budgeting allows all the members of specifically public, together with representatives from diverse providers as well as the programme board for mainly Urgent Care can formulate all to prov ide their opinions on different variety of services and potential options for potential commissioning in the specific area, concentrated around actual and real life ideas as regards budget as well as future expenditure. Essentially, this procedure itself has need of a corporation to fully participate with the democratic procedure, with the success of the practice depending upon higher level of transparency as well as regional ownership (Bromwich Scapens, 2016). As such, the case study on Edge Fund suggests that participatory budgeting that can be utilized for making very small grants to diverse radical groups that would have struggled to discover sources of finances (PB Network, 2017). The case study presented in the official website of Edge Fund mentioned that this around 60,000 was necessarily distributed to approximately more than 40 groups with specific amounts that range in size between 500 to approximately 3000 (PB Network, 2017). As per the case study, decisions of financing are mainly collectively undertaken by all the members that cover a wide range of issues, societies as well as levels of income. Essentially, the overall application along with process of decision making is mainly underpinned by financing values. Essentially, Edge Fund through meetings with different members discuss their subsequent steps along with issues that have stemmed and decisions that need to be arrived and as a group need to decide the way the business co ncern can move forward. In addition to this, decisions can be made by appropriate consensus whenever possible or else by majority vote. However, there are certain discussions that take place by mainly email or else over telephone or else over Skype. In addition to this, the business concerns also have a facilitating group of approximately 5 members to 10 members who undertake the background work before meetings and to organize proposals for members to talk about (Tappura et al., 2015). Another case study on Orchard Projects in particularly Leeds shows that the projects are mainly thriving by means of participatory budgeting. Essentially, Ala Thornton who is the project worker for mainly Leeds Orchard Live and supported by mainly Helping Britain Blossom illustrates the way participatory grant making was necessarily used (PB Network, 2017). Essentially, with exchange of funds new associations were also formed, at the same time new skills were also exchanged and the local network of volunteers of the community was augmented. Again, the report also presents the fact that Orchard Project is also operating in Leeds in order to develop the orchard network of the entire city (Dekker, 2016). Therefore, Alan is also of the view that participatory budgeting is simple and at the same time empowering that in turn can help in distributing small amount of sums for different important causes. From the point of view of project worker it can be hereby said that individuals that have the intention of making Britain blossom can be permitted to arrive at good decisions regarding investments. Essentially, these investments have the aim of making orchards flourish. Essentially, an open call for specific proposals was distributed in the existing network of subsisting community orchards in the area of Leeds. Therefore, for this purpose of participatory budgeting, everybody was provided a pack with a side of paper for each and every proposal counting a brief description, budget as well as assertions stating the influence of the finances. Particularly, the feedback received on this participative budgeting can be regarded to be very positive. It can be hereby mentioned that involvement officials in the process of adoption of specific budgets that they have to implement also might fail to ensure their trust in the overall accuracy as well as fairness of the process (Van der Stede, 2016). However, there remains a flipside to essentially everything and participative management necessarily do not stand as exception. However, this specific style of particularly leadership else wise decision making necessarily leads to better participation of different members of the staff, nonetheless there exists undoubtedly certain disadvantages as well. The management of the firm although can ensure increased participation by following participative budgeting, several individuals get engaged in the process of decision making that in turn slows down the entire process (Fullerton et al., 2013). Fundamentally, specific inputs as well as feedback start pouring from different sides and this takes time to substantiate the overall accuracy of enumerations that in turn reflects that the decision making procedure can slow down. In addition to this, there are also different security issues that might be associated to the participative process of budgeting. As such, this security issue involved in particularly participative budgeting also stems from mainly the fact that there are too many people and there are lots of information. In essence, this specific information might also transform into vital information in diverse later stages. Therefore, there is higher apprehension of diverse information getting leaked out. Thus, in that case, non-participation might help the management and running of operations in a better way (Granlund Lukka, 2017). Essentially, non-participatory budgeting can lead to limited participation with limited objectives as well as limited scope. As rightly indicated by Otley Emmanuel (2013) non participatory budgeting can help taking into consideration regional, local, national or else global factors for the decision making processes. Nonetheless, usage of non-participatory budgeting sp ecially when applied in ideal firm can be regarded to be highly exclusive and closed process, and the entire procedure cannot be effortlessly hijacked by other members of corporation in order to serve own interests. As correctly mentioned by Bodie (2013), there are numerous studies that also present the idea that non--participatory budgeting do not exert influence on attitudes of members of the staff of the corporation towards the process of budgeting along with budgets. This can lead to swift and smooth designing and execution of budgets of the firm. Again, there are certain factors that are involved in the process of attaining what is believed to be mainly .distributive justice as well as procedural justice. Essentially, a participative input in the process of formulating budget can necessarily range from no input to merely a voice or just an opinion, also to a vote or else a decisional role. As such, bidirectional process of communication between superiors as well as sub ordinates in the firm might become difficult to achieve. Again, it might also become intricate to determine subordinates to take part, communicate as well as disclose requisite information. In this case, non-participation can be observed as an increased accountability and can be considered as a stress for different subordinates. Fullerton et al., (2014) mentions that implementation of non-participation can help in avoiding the huge cost of participatory budgeting system and accelerating the process along with effort. Again, on the negative part, it can be hereby be mentioned that a participative budget might take longer period to organize and this might lead to certain regional in-fighting at the time when compared with a specific one that is necessarily imposed from diverse corporate headquarters. In addition to this, participative budgets might also probably have certain padding or else slack, since the Dallas managers encounter an aging facility. Essentially, this facility might be unproductive and, together with their involvement, managers might bend the overall numbers in order to enhance the entire appearance. Therefore, it can be hereby mentioned that this process involves limited participation of various marginalised. As rightly suggested by Bodie (2013), the non-participative budgeting can subsequently increase the overall costs and deteriorate quality. The opinion necessarily comes from different individuals and who are component of the procedures essentially at the lowest or else at th e implementation level. Again, in case of non-participative budgeting there is also a greater requirement of supervision and greater stress on widening of competence as well as self management. Moreover, non-participative budgeting however might lead to overall decline in productivity that refers to the fact that there is lack of intense feeling of association. Essentially, the members of the staff cannot accept responsibility and undertake charge. Therefore, there becomes greater requirement, delegation along with supervision from diverse managers (Otley Emmanuel, 2013). Conclusion Budgets can be considered to be necessary management tools that can be utilized for undertaking the activity. Fundamentally, the benefits of using budgets use can again be maximized by utilizing a participatory budgeting procedure. However, this participatory budgetary system is also said to certain disadvantages. As mentioned in the study above, Participatory budgeting calls for the need of a methodical and comprehensive bi-directional process of communication, commitment, mutual trust, effort as well as time and entails cost for the business concern. Again, subordinates also need to be competent and possess pertinent information and need to presume more accountability. Moreover, superiors also need to give in total control and permit members of the staff in order to get engaged and exert impact on the procedure of decision making. Even though participatory budgeting is not uncomplicated to execute and it can be observed that advantages of participative budgeting outweigh all kinds of disadvantages. Additionally, adoption of participatory budgeting procedures by Dallas managers can enhance the overall performance of diverse subordinate along with the entire performance of the business entity. Nevertheless, this reflects that there exists no reassurance that individuals need to plainly budgeting adopt it for the particular corporation. Corporations are different and thus the culture that is the human resources. Essentially, a deep understanding or comprehension of both is necessary in a bid to establish a specific style of decision making and assume the same. References Almn, O. (2017). Participatory Innovations Under Authoritarianism: Accountability and Responsiveness in Hangzhous Social Assessment of Government Performance.Journal of Contemporary China, 1-15. Bodie, Z. (2013).Investments. McGraw-Hill. Bromwich, M., Scapens, R. W. (2016). Management accounting research: 25 years on.Management Accounting Research,31, 1-9. Dekker, H. C. (2016). On the boundaries between intrafirm and interfirm management accounting research.Management Accounting Research,31, 86-99. Fullerton, R. R., Kennedy, F. A., Widener, S. K. (2013). Management accounting and control practices in a lean manufacturing environment. Accounting, Organizations and Society,38(1), 50-71. Fullerton, R. R., Kennedy, F. A., Widener, S. K. (2014). Lean manufacturing and firm performance: The incremental contribution of lean management accounting practices.Journal of Operations Management,32(7), 414-428. Granlund, M., Lukka, K. (2017). Investigating highly established research paradigms: Reviving contextuality in contingency theory based management accounting research.Critical Perspectives on Accounting,45, 63-80. Hashim, A. W., Hanafi, I., Fitrianto, A., Darwish, H. (2014). Roles of Budgetary Participation on Leaders Performance: A Study Case in Ternate.Asian Social Science,10(12), 35. Im, T., Lee, H., Cho, W., Campbell, J. W. (2014). Citizen Preference and Resource Allocation: The Case for Participatory Budgeting in Seoul.Local Government Studies,40(1), 102-120. Nielsen, L. B., Mitchell, F., Nrreklit, H. (2015, March). Management accounting and decision making: Two case studies of outsourcing. InAccounting Forum(Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 64-82). Elsevier. Otley, D., Emmanuel, K. M. C. (2013).Readings in accounting for management control. Springer. PB Network. (2017).Orchard projects in Leeds are thriving through Participatory Budgeting. [online] Available at: https://pbnetwork.org.uk/orchards-projects-in-leeds-are-thriving-through-participatory-budgeting/ [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017]. PB Network. (2017).Participatory Budgeting in Urgent Care: A case study from MutualGain. [online] Available at: https://pbnetwork.org.uk/participatory-budgeting-in-urgent-care-a-case-study-from-mutualgain/ [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017]. PB Network. (2017).Participatory funding radical grassroots groups through the Edge Fund. [online] Available at: https://pbnetwork.org.uk/participatory-funding-radical-grassroots-groups-through-the-edge-fund/ [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017]. Tappura, S., Sievnen, M., Heikkil, J., Jussila, A., Nenonen, N. (2015). A management accounting perspective on safety.Safety science,71, 151-159. Van der Stede, W. A. (2016). Management accounting in context: Industry, regulation and informatics.Management Accounting Research,31, 100-102.